Carl Andre was born in Quincy, Massachusetts, in 1935. After his studies at Phillips Academy in Andover, Massachusetts, he served in the army and traveled to Europe, then relocated to New York City in 1957. While carrying out simultaneous investigations in art and poetry, Andre worked for the Pennsylvania Railroad between 1960 and 1964, an inseparable experience from his evolution as a sculptor. Immediate acclaim followed his first solo exhibition at the Tibor de Nagy Gallery, New York, in 1965, and he participated in several landmark exhibitions of that decade, such as Primary Structures: Younger American and British Sculptors, Jewish Museum, New York (1966), Documenta 4, Kassel, Germany (1968), and Live in Your Head: When Attitudes Become Form, Kunsthalle Bern (1969). In 1970 the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, presented the first retrospective of his work. Alongside numerous public commissions and solo exhibitions, Carl Andre’s five-decade career includes large-scale surveys organized by the Laguna Gloria Art Museum, Austin (1978, touring internationally through 1980), Krefeld Haus Lange/Haus Esters and Kunstmuseum, Wolfsburg, Germany (1996), Musée Cantini, Marseille (1997), and Museum Kurhaus Kleve, Germany (2011). Retired from his art practice since 2010, Carl Andre lives in New York City.