Richard Serra was born in San Francisco in 1939. After graduating from the University of California, Santa Barbara, in 1961, with a degree in English, he studied art at Yale University until 1964, taking classes with Josef Albers and others. Serra spent two years traveling in Europe before settling in 1966 in New York City, where he continues to live and work. He began to show his work in museums and galleries in New York in 1967, and since then he has exhibited extensively throughout the world, including representation in Documentas 5 (1972), 6 (1977), 7 (1982), and 8 (1987), in Kassel, Germany; the Venice Biennales of 1980, 1984, 2001, and 2013; and multiple editions of the Whitney Biennial, New York. Retrospectives of Serra’s work have been organized by the Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles (1998), and the Museum of Modern Art, New York (1986 and 2007). He has also created numerous site-specific sculptures in public and private venues in both North America and Europe. In 1997, Serra’s first Torqued Ellipses were presented at Dia Center for the Arts, New York.