Richard Serra was born in San Francisco in 1939. He graduated from the University of California, Santa Barbara, in 1961, with a degree in English, then studied art at Yale University until 1964, taking classes with Josef Albers and others. After receiving his M.F.A., Serra spent two years traveling in Europe before settling in 1966 in New York City, where he continues to live and work. The following year he began to show his work in museums and galleries in New York, and since then he has exhibited extensively throughout the world, including representation in Documentas 5 (1972), 6 (1977), 7 (1982), and 8 (1987), in Kassel, the Venice Biennales of 1984 and 2001, and the Whitney Museum of American Art's Annual and Biennial exhibitions of 1968, 1970, 1973, 1977, 1979, 1981, and 1995. Retrospectives of Serra's work have been organized by the Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles (1998) and Museum of Modern Art, New York (1986 and 2007). He has also created numerous site-specific sculptures in public and private venues in both North America and Europe. In 1997, Dia exhibited for the first time Serra's landmark ,Torqued Ellipses.