Joseph Beuys was born in Kleve, Germany, on May 21, 1921, where he grew up. Trained at the Düsseldorf Art Academy, he taught there as a professor of sculpture from 1961 until his controversial dismissal in 1972. In 1953 the van der Grinten's collection of Beuys's sculpture and drawing was first exhibited. In the early sixties, he became involved with Fluxus, taking part in a number of concerts, as well as devising his own "actions," which for a time became his principal aesthetic mode. In 1970 a large collection of his work formed under the artist's own aegis, the Ströher Collection, was installed in the Hessisches Landesmuseum in Darmstadt, which remains the most important public collection of his work. Joseph Beuys died in Düsseldorf on January 21, 1986.