Bridget Riley was born in 1931 in London, where she currently lives and works. Educated first at Goldsmiths (1949–52), then at the Royal College of Art in London (1952–55), Riley has exhibited widely since her first solo show in 1962. Among numerous group exhibitions, she was included in the 1968 Venice Biennial (where she won the International Prize for painting) and the Venice Biennial in 1986, Documenta IV (1968) and Documenta VI (1977). After traveling retrospective tours in 1970–71, 1978–80, a major retrospective show of Riley’s work was installed most recently at the Tate Britain, London (2003). Bridget Riley: Reconnaissance, an exhibition of paintings from the 1960s and 1970s, was presented at Dia:Chelsea in 2000.